Gujarat is an Indian state located on its western coast bordering Pakistan and has the third largest economy in the country. Though the state has unfavourable climatic conditions, saline rich soil and water, agriculture is still a mainstay with cash crops like cotton, oilseeds, tobacco and sugarcane being cultivated especially in the wetter areas. The state is rich in mineral and resources and is home to several medium and large-scale industries catering to a variety of sectors.
Population of the state is concentrated in the eastern part of the state, in the plains, surrounding major cities like Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara as the region is both agriculturally productive and highly industrialized. Gujarat is home to many fast-growing cities in India, and several of them are facing urban development issues owing to the rapid urbanization and industrial development in the last two decades.